We all have the same question, What is Taekwondo? Taekwondo is an art martial and sport that comes from Korea. It is a sport that involves kung-fu, karate-do and some other ancient disciplines related to the country. The word is composed of three terms: tae involving the use of his feet, kwon refers to the use of arms and fists and do that is a philosophical notion associated with the path of perfection).
What is taekwondo
Taekwondo consists of different self-defense techniques such as grappling, blocking and sweeping. It is one of the most practiced martial arts in the world and consists in giving a series of blows against the opponent, attack and defense techniques to win the battle, movements that demand speed and precision.
History of Taekwondo
Taekwondo is a martial art that can be considered modern and is of Korean origin. It was created by General Choi Hong Hi and managed to become part of Olympic sports in 1988 at the Seoul Olympics.
The Korean Masters, locate the birth of taekwondo in 50 AD, with the practice of the native martial art called taekkyon. The Military of the Koguryo dynasty also developed a style of boxing called Korean Kempo based on various Chinese styles.
Evidence of ancient practice was found in ancient tombs by Japanese archaeologists, where they discovered murals depicting men in fight scenes.
- The attacks of kicks should always be performed standing above the belt.
- A kick to the head is worth 3 points or 4 if it is done with a turn.
- The first attacks should be to the chest protector. A kick to the breast shield scores 1 point or 2 if done with a spin.
- To make a point valid three of the four judges must validate it.
- The winner is the one who achieves 12 points or wins by more than 7 points to the opponent.
- If after a blow, the competitor cannot immediately continue the fight, the referee counts 8 seconds.
- If the competitor says ” kiap ” before the 8 seconds have passed, the fight continues.
- When the referee considers that the competitor is not fit to continue the fight, he will be declared KO even if he says “kiap”.
There are several techniques that must be learned to practice taekwondo, among them, we mention the following:
- The kicks or chagui: Main movement of the Taekwondo and are aimed at attacking the trunk or the head.
- Open hand techniques: they are different depending on the area with which the blow is given.
- Locks and defenses: can be done with the palm of the hand or arm.
- Personal defense: sweeps and projections combined with kicks.
The divisions of men and women are made through separate categories, men against men and women against women is a fundamental rule.
- First, without exceeding 54 kilos.
- Second, over 54 kilograms without exceeding 58 kilograms.
- Third, over 58 kilograms without exceeding 63 kilograms.
- Fourth, over 63 kilograms without exceeding 68 kilograms.
- Fifth, over 68 kilograms without exceeding 74 kilograms.
- Sixth, over 74 kilograms without exceeding 80 kilograms.
- Seventh, over 80 kilograms without exceeding 87 kilograms.
- Eighth, about 87 kilograms.
- First, without exceeding 46 kilos.
- Second, over 46 kilograms without exceeding 49 kilograms.
- Third, over 49 kilograms without exceeding 53 kilograms.
- Fourth, over 53 kilograms without exceeding 57 kilograms.
- Fifth, over 57 kilograms without exceeding 62 kilograms.
- Sixth, over 62 kilograms without exceeding 67 kilograms.
- Seventh, over 67 kilograms without exceeding 73 kilograms.
- Eighth, about 73 kilograms.
Divisions for the Olympic Games
- First, without exceeding 58 kilograms.
- Second, over 58 kilograms without exceeding 68 kilograms.
- Third, over 68 kilograms without exceeding 80 kilograms.
- Fourth, over 80 kilograms.
- First, without exceeding 49 kilograms.
- Second, over 49 kilograms without exceeding 57 kilograms.
- Third, over 57 kilograms without exceeding 67 kilograms.
- Fourth, over 67 kilograms.
The taekwondo belts are of various colors and each of them has a meaning, these are:
- White: It symbolizes purity and innocence.
- Yellows: It means the earth where the sower places the seed and also represents the sun takes the energy for living beings.
- Green: It represents nature and life, the wisest way to find the best.
- Blue: It represents the sky that every day has new capabilities. It symbolizes that the practitioner is getting stronger.
- Red: It is the color of the fruit when it is already mature. It represents the desire of the person who prepares in his art.
- Black: It’s experience and maturity.
Tatamis are floor mats whose meaning is “folded and stacked”. The tatamis are a classic element and characteristic of Japanese houses. They are used to cover the floor of the main rooms of a Japanese house. Currently, we can find expanded polystyrene tatamis and even straw.
The two forms in which we can find them in martial arts are:
Shügijiki: the tatamis are placed together vertically or horizontally, forming a kind of non-square grids.
Fushügijiki: they are placed in a single sense, using parallel strips.
In karate, the rule of the World Karate Federation says that the mat should be a closed-cell polyethylene plate with a measurement of 10 mm x 1000 mm x 1
Equipment for taekwondo
The necessary equipment to practice taekwondo is the following:
- Do-Bok: This is the white uniform, consists of two pieces, the jacket and the trousers, which is tied with a colored belt that can be white or black, depending on the level of the player.
- Peto: It is protection made of foam and it can be red or blue. It gives protection to the trunk completely and is placed on the back.
- Helmet: It is made of foam and serves to protect the skull, ears and jaw.
- Forearm protection: Its function is to give protection to the forearms and elbows as well as helping to avoid strong friction.
- Shin guards: It is an efficient form of protection for the front part of the foot.
- Chest protector: This protector is designed especially for women as it covers the entire chest.
- Mouthguard: This protector covers the teeth and gums of the opponents in case of receiving a direct blow in the mouth.